Good Friday 2023: Is It A Holiday, Greetings, History, And Traditions

Last Updated on March 29, 2023 by Andrew

Good Friday is an important holiday for Christians around the world. It is a day to commemorate the crucifixion of Jesus Christ and his subsequent death at Calvary. While Easter Sunday is the day of resurrection and celebration, Good Friday marks the somber day of Jesus’ sacrifice. This day holds great significance in the Christian faith, and it is observed with solemnity and reverence.

Good Friday is not only a religious holiday, but it is also recognized as a public holiday in many countries. However, the question often arises: Is Good Friday a federal holiday? This article aims to explore the answers to this question, as well as provide insights into the history, traditions, and greetings associated with this sacred day.

As we approach Good Friday 2023, it’s important to understand the significance of this day and its observances. From religious services to family gatherings, there are various ways to honor this holy day. So, let’s dive in and explore the various facets of Good Friday, its history, and how it is celebrated around the world.

What Is Good Friday?

Good Friday is a solemn and significant day observed by Christians around the world. It falls on the Friday before Easter Sunday and marks the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. The day is called “good” because of the belief that Christ’s death on the cross paved the way for the salvation of humanity.

The origins of the name “Good Friday” are not entirely clear, but some believe it may have been derived from the term “God’s Friday,” while others suggest that “good” was used to denote “holy” in old English.

For many Christians, Good Friday is a day of mourning and reflection. It is a time to remember the sacrifice that Christ made for humanity and to contemplate the suffering and pain he endured on the cross. It is also a day of fasting and abstinence, with some Christians refraining from meat or other luxuries.

In addition to its religious significance, Good Friday is also a public holiday in many countries, with businesses and schools often closed to mark the occasion. In the next section, we will explore whether Good Friday is a federal holiday in the United States.

History And Significance

Good Friday is a Christian holiday commemorating the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. The holiday is observed on the Friday before Easter Sunday and is a crucial event in Christian theology.

Origins Of Good Friday In Christian Tradition

The origins of Good Friday can be traced back to the first century AD when Jesus Christ was crucified by the Roman authorities. According to the Gospels, Jesus was arrested, tried, and sentenced to death on charges of blasphemy. He was then crucified on a wooden cross, and his death marked the end of his physical life.

Connection To Easter Sunday

Good Friday is closely connected to Easter Sunday, which commemorates the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. According to Christian belief, Jesus rose from the dead on the third day after his crucifixion, which is celebrated on Easter Sunday. Good Friday is, therefore, a precursor to Easter Sunday and represents the sacrifice that Jesus made for humanity.

Religious Significance For Christians

For Christians, Good Friday is a somber day of reflection and mourning. The day is observed by attending church services, reading the biblical account of Jesus’ crucifixion, and participating in other religious activities. Christians believe that Jesus’ death on the cross was a sacrifice for the sins of humanity, and that his death and resurrection offer salvation and eternal life to those who believe in him.

Cultural Traditions And Practices

Good Friday is a significant religious holiday for Christians around the world, marking the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. But beyond its religious significance, the day is also steeped in cultural traditions and practices that vary widely across different regions and communities. From solemn processions and reenactments to festive feasts and music, Good Friday is a time for reflection, remembrance, and celebration of life and renewal. Let’s take a closer look at how different cultures and communities observe this special day.

Celebrations Around The World

Good Friday is celebrated in various ways around the world. In some cultures, it is a solemn day of mourning and prayer, while in others, it is a time for festive celebrations. In the Philippines, for example, Good Friday is observed with elaborate street processions featuring reenactments of the Passion of Christ. In Spain, people celebrate Semana Santa or Holy Week, with colorful parades featuring elaborate floats and religious imagery.

Role Of Food, Music, And Cultural Elements

Food and music also play an important role in the cultural traditions of Good Friday. In many countries, special foods are prepared for the occasion, such as hot cross buns in the UK and Ireland, and seafood dishes in some Catholic communities. Music is also an integral part of Good Friday traditions, with hymns and religious songs sung in churches around the world.

Good Friday Across Religious Denominations

Good Friday is a significant day for Christians, but different religious denominations observe it in different ways. For Catholics, Good Friday is a day of fasting and abstinence, while for some Protestant denominations, it is a time for prayer and reflection. Eastern Orthodox Christians observe Good Friday as part of the Holy Week, with religious services and processions. In addition to Christian denominations, Good Friday is also observed by some non-Christian religions, such as the Bahá’í Faith, which considers it a day of mourning for their founder’s imprisonment and death.

Is Good Friday A Federal Holiday? 

Yes, Good Friday is a public holiday in many countries, but it is not a federal holiday in the United States. The federal government recognizes ten holidays, including Christmas Day, New Year’s Day, and Thanksgiving Day, but Good Friday is not among them.

However, some states in the US do observe Good Friday as a holiday, including Connecticut, Delaware, Hawaii, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, New Jersey, North Carolina, North Dakota, Tennessee, and Texas. In these states, government offices and many businesses may be closed on Good Friday.

It is important to note that while Good Friday is not a federal holiday in the US, it is widely observed by many Christians and is considered an important day of religious significance. Many people attend church services and observe the holiday through prayer, fasting, and other religious practices. Additionally, some schools and universities may be closed on Good Friday or have early dismissal.

Good Friday Greetings

It’s important to keep in mind that Good Friday is a solemn day, so the greetings and messages shared should be respectful and reflective of the religious significance of the day. Some common greetings that people use duing Good Friday include:

Good Friday wishes: You can simply wish someone a “Good Friday” to acknowledge the day and its significance.

“Have a blessed Good Friday”: This is a way to wish someone a day filled with blessings and reflection on the meaning of Good Friday.

“May the peace of the Lord be with you”: This is a way to extend a message of peace and comfort to someone on this solemn day.

“Thinking of you on this Good Friday”: This is a way to let someone know that you are remembering them and thinking of them during this important day.

“God’s love and sacrifice for us”: This is a way to acknowledge the sacrifice that Jesus made for us and to express gratitude for God’s love.

Good Friday Traditions

Good Friday traditions are an important part of the annual observance of this significant day in Christian tradition. These practices vary from country to country and denomination to denomination, but they all reflect the solemnity and reverence with which Good Friday is regarded.

On Good Friday, Christians around the world commemorate the crucifixion and death of Jesus Christ. The day is marked by solemn services, fasting, and abstaining from meat. Some Christians also observe a day of silence or prayerful meditation. 

Here are some common Good Friday traditions:

Stations Of The Cross

This is a devotion that involves meditating on fourteen events that occurred during the final hours of Jesus’ life, from his condemnation by Pilate to his burial in the tomb. Many churches have stations of the cross set up inside or outside the building, and participants walk from station to station, praying and reflecting on each event.

Veneration Of The Cross

This is a practice in which a cross is presented to the congregation for veneration or adoration. It symbolizes the cross on which Jesus was crucified and is a way of expressing reverence for his sacrifice.


In some countries, Good Friday processions are a popular tradition. These may involve carrying a cross through the streets or reenacting the Passion of Christ.

Hot Cross Buns

This is a traditional Easter pastry that is often eaten on Good Friday. The bun is marked with a cross, which symbolizes the crucifixion, and is usually spiced with cinnamon, nutmeg, and other spices.

Passion Plays

These are dramatic presentations of the story of Jesus’ Passion and death. They may be performed in churches or in public spaces, and are a way of helping people to understand the significance of the events being commemorated.

Overall, Good Friday traditions serve as a way of connecting believers with the deeper spiritual significance of this holy day, and of expressing reverence and gratitude for the sacrifice of Jesus Christ.

When Is Good Friday?

Good Friday is observed on the Friday before Easter Sunday, which falls between March 20 and April 23 every year.  

It is necessary to note that the date of Good Friday changes every year as it is determined by the lunar calendar. In Western Christianity, Good Friday is observed on the Friday before Easter Sunday, while in Eastern Christianity, it is observed on the Friday before the Orthodox Easter Sunday. 

FAQs – Good Friday 

Why Is Good Friday Called “Good” When It Marks The Crucifixion Of Jesus?

Good Friday is called “good” despite being the day of the crucifixion of Jesus because it is believed that it represents the ultimate triumph of good over evil. According to Christian theology, Jesus died on the cross to save humanity from their sins, and his sacrifice opened the way for eternal life. The day is seen as a time for deep reflection and repentance, as well as a celebration of Jesus’ ultimate victory over death.

Do All Christian Denominations Observe Good Friday?

Good Friday is observed by most Christian denominations around the world, including Catholics, Anglicans, Lutherans, Methodists, and others. However, the exact customs and practices associated with the holiday may differ depending on the specific denomination or region.

Is Good Friday A Federal Holiday In The United States?

Good Friday is not a federal holiday in the United States, although it is widely observed by Christians throughout the country. Some states may have different regulations regarding work and school schedules on this day, but it is not a national holiday like Christmas or Thanksgiving.

What Is The Significance Of The Black Cloth Draped Over The Cross On Good Friday?

In many Christian traditions, the black cloth draped over the cross on Good Friday represents mourning and grief for the death of Jesus. The color black is often associated with funerals and mourning, and the cloth serves as a visual reminder of the sacrifice that Jesus made on the cross. The black cloth is usually removed on Easter Sunday to symbolize the resurrection of Jesus and the victory of life over death.

How Is Good Friday Celebrated Around The World?

Good Friday is celebrated in many different ways around the world, with a variety of customs and traditions depending on the culture and region. Some common practices include attending church services, reading scripture, participating in processions or reenactments of the crucifixion, fasting, and abstaining from meat. In some countries, such as the Philippines and Spain, devout Christians may engage in acts of self-flagellation or other forms of penance as a form of devotion. In many places, the day is also marked by the preparation of special foods and the sharing of meals with family and friends.

Andrew is a passionate blogger who loves to write about fashion, health business etc. I shares insights, ideas, and stories to inspire our readers.