What Is Gestational Diabetes and How Does It Affect You?

Gestational diabetes is found while a woman is expecting a child (gestation). Similarly, to other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes has an affect on the way your cells utilize glucose (glucose). Gestational diabetes is characterized by high blood sugar levels that can have a negative impact on your health your child throughout pregnancy.

Gestational diabetes may be controlled during pregnancy by consuming nutritious meals, engaging in physical activity, and taking medication.

The ability to maintain control of your blood sugar throughout pregnancy may help you and your baby stay healthy and prevent a traumatic birth.

If you have gestational diabetes during pregnancy, your blood sugar levels will usually return to normal after a few days of delivery your child. Although having type 2 diabetes is not as common as gestational diabetes, it is more common among women who have had it. You’ll need to be checked for variations in blood sugar more frequently due to this.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a disorder in which your blood sugar levels rise dramatically when you expect a child. Approximately 10% of pregnant women in the United States are affected by this condition each year.

There are two types of gestational diabetes: type I and type II. Diet and exercise are proved helpful in women with class A1 manage their condition, and insulin or other drugs are required for those who have class A2 diabetes.

How Does Gestational Diabetes Develop?

Gestational diabetes usually happens when your body cannot produce enough insulin when you are expecting a child. Diabetes occurs when your pancreas produces insulin, which works like a key to allowing blood sugar to enter cells for use as energy source.

Increased hormone production and other physiological changes, such as weight growth, are seen during pregnancy. Insulin resistance is a condition that occurs as a result of these alterations in your body’s cells’ ability to utilize insulin properly. Insulin resistance raises the amount of insulin required by the body.

During the late stages of pregnancy, insulin resistance affects all pregnant women. On the other hand, some women are insulin resistant even before they get pregnant. They have a greater demand for insulin when they first get pregnant, and they are more prone to develop gestational diabetes.

Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes

Any pregnant woman is at risk of developing gestational diabetes, but you’re at a higher risk if:

  • Your body mass index (BMI) is more than 30 – to find out your BMI, use the BMI healthy weight calculator.
  • Previously had a kid who weighed at least 4.5kg (10lb) at birth.

You should be provided screening for gestational diabetes throughout your pregnancy if any of the above conditions apply to you.

Diabetes Symptoms During a Season

Women with gestational diabetes typically do not experience any symptoms or may mistakenly attribute them to pregnancy. The majority of people discover they have it through a regular test.

You may have seen the following:

  • You’re drinking more water than usual.
  • You’re hungrier than average and consume more calories than normal.
  • You pee more frequently than average.

How Gestational Diabetes influences pregnancy

Most pregnant women with gestational diabetes generally have normal pregnancies and deliver healthy kids.

However, gestational diabetes can result in complications such as the following:

  • If your baby grows more significant than usual, this may cause complications during birth and increase the probability of needing an induction of labor or a cesarean surgery.
  • A condition is known as polyhydramnios. There is an excessive amount of amniotic fluid (the fluid that surrounds the baby) in the womb, resulting in preterm labor or complications during delivery.
  • Birth before the due date – giving delivery before the 37th week of pregnancy is considered premature.
  • Pre-eclampsia is a disorder that causes high blood pressure during pregnancy and can result in pregnancy difficulties if left untreated; if left untreated, it can lead to miscarriage.
  • After the birth of your baby, he or she may develop low blood sugar or yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice), these may necessitate hospitalization; the death of your baby (stillbirth) – though this is extremely rare; the end of your baby after he or she is born
  • It’s also important to notice that having gestational diabetes increases your chances of acquiring type 2 diabetes.


Gestational diabetes is a condition that occurs specifically during pregnancy, and it may also cause diabetes in the future. If you have the symptoms of this disease in you, you must talk to the best diabetologist because it can harm you and your baby.

Marham provides access to thousands of patients with the experts who benefit from the best health assistance at home on just a call.


1. What are the risks when a pregnant woman develops gestational diabetes?

Pregnancy-related elevated blood pressure might raise your chance of developing gestational diabetes. It can also boost the chances of having a big kid who will need to be delivered through cesarean section if you are pregnant (C-section).

2. What are the birth malformations that are caused by gestational diabetes?

Unfortunately, infants born to diabetic mothers have a higher risk of developing congenital deformities, such as heart and blood vessel abnormalities, brain and spinal malformations, mouth clefts, renal and gastrointestinal tract anomalies, and limb deficiencies.

3. Is it possible for my child to get diabetes if I have gestational diabetes?

The incidence of diabetes (the number of new cases) per 10,000 person-years was 4.5 among children born to mothers who had gestational diabetes and 2.4 among children born to mothers who did not have gestational diabetes. Having a kid or teen whose mother had gestational diabetes increased their risk of developing diabetes by nearly double before 22 years.

4. How can one keep gestational diabetes under control throughout my third trimester?

It is possible to treat gestational diabetes with dietary and lifestyle changes in some situations, but drugs are often necessary in other circumstances. As part of your treatment plan, the health expert may advise you to make dietary changes such as limiting your carbohydrate intake while increasing your intake of fruits and vegetables, among other things. Incorporating low-impact exercise into your daily routine may also be advantageous. You may be advised to take insulin by your doctor in certain circumstances.